Glossary of Pali Terms

Here is a brief glossary of Pali terms that are sometimes used in the various talks. Please feel free to do your own independent research to obtain more detailed and more correct explanations and to see the spelling with the appropriate symbols. These definitions have been taken from the glossary section of ” A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma: The Adbhidhammatha Sangaha” by Bhikkhu Bodhi.

Anagami: non-returner

Anatta: non-self

Anicca: impermanent

Arahant: liberated one

Avijja: ignorance

Āsava : effluent, taint

Chanda: desire

Citta: consciousness

Dhamma: 1) Dhamma ( i.e. Buddha’s teaching 2) phenomenon, state  3) mental object

Ditthi: view, wrong view

Dukkha: 1) suffering 2) pain, painful (feeling)

Ekaggata: one pointedness

Four Noble Truths: 1) the existence of stress (dukkha) 2) the origin of stress (dukkha) 3) the cessation of stress (dukkha) 4) the path leading to the cessation of stress (dukkha)

Kammathana: meditation subject

Khanda: aggregate, the five components of an intelligent being that include 1) form 2) feeling 3) perception 4) mental qualities 5) consciousness

Kilesa: defilement

Kusala: wholesome

Magga: path

Manasikara: attention

Mano: mind

Moha: delusion

Nirodha: cessation

Nivarana: hindrance

Panna: wisdom

Patipada: way

Piti: zest

Sacca: truth

Sakadagami: once-returner

Sanna: perception

Samyojana: fetter

Sati: mindfulness

Samadhi: concentration

Samathi: calm

Samudaya: origin (as a noble truth)

Sammuti: conventional (reality or truth)

Sankhara: 1) formation 2) mental formation (4th aggregate) 3) kammic formation 4) prompting

Satipatthana: foundation of mindfulness

Sila: virtue

Sotapanna: stream-enterer

Sukha: happiness, pleasure, pleasant (feeling)

Sunnata: void

Tanha: craving

Upadana: clinging

Upekkha: equanimity

Vatta: round of existence

Vedana: feeling

Vicikiccha: doubt

Vinnana: consciousness

Vipassana: insight

Vitakka: initial application

Viriya: energy